Category: Texas

SunNight Solar

 SunNight Solar

5802 Val Verde St.
Suite 100
Houston, Texas 77057

Email: info@sunnightsolar.com

About

SunNight Solar is leading a new movement in delivering products to the consumer, focusing on what is being called a ‘triple bottom line’ or a 3P approach – people, planet and profits. All of their operations and programs have all three of these elements – they have integrated social and environmental benefits into every aspect of their company, while earning the profits which allow them to grow, develop new products via dedicated research and development and provide a return to their employees and investors.

The founder of SNS, Mark Bent, lived in Africa for over twenty years, first as an American diplomat, then as an oil executive for a French firm. While living in Eritrea in 2005, he wanted to provide lights to some of his friends, employees, and some children he had befriended who survived by scavenging in the local dump. When he could not find anything suitable – he started SNS, made a light which is now the leader in off-grid lighting products in Africa, parts of south and Central America . They also anticipate this light – their SunLight series – to quickly become the flashlight of choice in the US , Europe and the rest of the developing world.

They are based in Houston , Texas . The senior management team has a variety of skills, backgrounds and areas of concentration – international sales, chief of operations, head of logistics, etc. They are also augmented by a team of research scientists, engineers and specialists, some based in the US , as well as a number from Europe, China , New Zealand and elsewhere. They bring people together for specific tasks, and also have the opportunity to call upon the top universities and scientists in the world – they greatly appreciate the benefits of on-line collaborative research. They partner with a firm called Innocentive – www.innocentive.com – which offers cash awards for ‘solving’ technical challenges.

They are working on additional products – lights as well as water treatment and other solar consumer products. They are presently involved in research on a solar powered device which kills, repels or sterilizes the female mosquito. They are also looking at hydroponics.

Products

SL-1

Features 

  • Night Glow Strip – it is easy to find in the dark
  • High efficiency Polycrystalline Solar Panel
  • Charges in 8 to 10 hours of full sunlight
  • Provides 5-6 hours of illumination every night
  • Hard ABS Plastic Exterior – highly water and shock resistant and shaped to fit comfortably in your hand
  • Carrying Hook – hook it to your backpack on the go, or hang it up to illuminate a wider area
  • Battery Compartment – powered by 3 standard NiMH, AA rechargeable batteries, 800 mAh
  • 6 Super Bright White LEDs
  • Dimensions (Length x Width x Thickness):  8.5″ x 2.5″ (body) or 3.625″ (head) x 1″ (body) or 2″ (head)

SL-2

Features

  • Electronic “kerosene lantern substitution” design funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. In 3rd world use this same light will save users money presently spent on lighting kerosene and reduce carbon particulate inhalation and fire risk
  • High efficiency “boost converter” and “constant current” LED drive ensures constant user selected level of brightness regardless of state of battery charge
  • Charge termination to protect batteries from over-charging
  • Turns off when battery is almost flat to protect battery and improve battery life
  • High efficiency Polycrystalline Solar Panel
  • Batteries charge in 8 to 10 hours of full sunlight
  • Batteries are air-cooled for better operation in very hot conditions
  • Wide beam “Room Light” and bright narrow beam Task light mode
  • Low, medium and high settings in both Room Light and Task Light modes. This allows either high intensity or extended periods of use. On a fully charged battery, high will typically operate for 4 to 5 hours, medium for 8 to 10 hours and low for 16 to 20+ hours. (Duration will reduce as batteries age)
  • Night glow strip – easy to find in the dark
  • Single piece case – rugged, requiring no screws to hold the body together
  • Water resistant
  • “Turn off in sun” and “turn off when nearly flat” features allows use in path light or night light mode. Small battery reserve allows auto turn on again with same setting next evening
  • Carabineer clip for one handed attachment to backpack, ropes, branches etc
  • Half Watt polycrystalline (not amorphous) high efficiency photovoltaic panel.
  • Six narrow angle high efficiency LEDs for task light illumination
  • Three wide angle high efficiency LEDs for room illumination
  • Three NiMH batteries – better for the environment – We do not use NiCad batteries
  • High impact resistance ABS body & polycarbonate lens
  • Dimensions   Length     x     Width     x     Thickness:  Head/Body      9″          x 3.8″ / 2.4″   x      2.3″ / 1.3″
  • Weight – 11 ounces / 300 grams

 

Additional Comments from Our Engineering Staff – The SL-2 Super BOGO light is intended to be a rugged, long life, solar rechargeable light whose primary purpose is for kerosene lantern replacement and task lighting in developing world applications. It was designed to provide wide angle illumination with more usable light than a kerosene hurricane lantern in rooms up to 4 x 4 meters, or as a study or work lamp over a table, while also providing a bright directional “task light” beam when more directed light is required.  In a kerosene lantern replacement role it can save users in excess of 30% of their monthly energy expenditures while eliminating fine carbon particle inhalation and preventing injuries from burns due to kerosene spillage or similar accidents.

 

The features which make it suited to its primary role in the developing world also make it a great light for use for camping, automobile use and as a light you will always have ready in an emergency.  Leave it where the sun shines on it and you will get hours of operation when needed.  With a fully charged original battery the SL-2 will typically operate for 4 to 5 hours on full power, about twice that on its medium power settings and 4 times as long on low power.

 

The SL-2 uses a high efficiency polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic panel (or PV panel or ‘solar panel’) to charge its batteries.  The charging capability is limited by the size of the panel which would fit on the light, as in the SL-1. Depending on battery state it takes 8 to 10 “sunlight hours” (hours of direct full sunlight) to charge the supplied three 800 mAh NiMH batteries.  Users can choose to fit larger capacity batteries which will take proportionately longer to charge.  In African summer conditions a full charge should be able to be achieved in a single day. In less sunny conditions only a partial charge will be achieved in one day.  A light which is only occasionally used can accumulate a full charge over a number of days.  When the light is in use every night, as it will often be in developing world use, the hours of use per night correspond to daily sunlight hours. The medium and low power modes allow users to reduce lighting levels to allow longer lighting times when charging conditions are poor. On full power users get about 30+ minutes of lighting per sunshine hour. On medium power they get about 1 hour of operation per sunshine hour. And on low power, about 2 hours operation per sunshine hour.  So with 2 to 3 sunshine hours in a day a user can expect 4 to 6 hours of low level but useable light.

 

When suspended vertically about 1 meter above a 2 x 2 meter (6 foot x 6 foot) table an SL-2 will provide enough light for reading or other work. The light levels are low by grid lighting standards but surprisingly useable once your eyes adapt.  In a smaller area, say 1m x 1m (3 foot x 3 foot) a number of people can still read or work usefully at substantially higher light levels.  In all cases the light illuminates the surface better than a kerosene wick-lantern or hurricane style lantern would.

 

Unlike most other lights in its class, the light output of the SL-2 remains at the user selected level regardless of the state of battery charge (except as the battery nears the very, very end of its capacity levels will fall off).  To maximize battery life, operate the LEDs correctly and provide constant lighting levels the Sl-2 uses a “boost converter” – essentially an ‘electronic gearbox’, which takes the slowly dropping battery voltage and boosts it to a level suitable for providing a constant operating current for the LEDs. Unlike most LED lights the SL-2 operates its LEDs electrically “in series” so that the same current flows through all operating LEDs. This allows the current and thus the brightness to be closely controlled so that the LEDs are operated in the manner recommended by the manufacturers.

 

When the battery capacity is almost exhausted the light will first dim, then flash, then the LEDs will turn off completely. A small amount of battery capacity remains and this is used to “keep alive” the control circuitry in a “standby mode”. If a light which turns off due to a low battery condition is then exposed to sunlight it will charge its battery and then, when the sunlight is again removed, turn on again in the same mode as it was in previously. This feature allows the light to be used as an automatic path light, streetlight or nightlight. To achieve regular operation in this mode the light needs to be placed so that it is charged daily. (For 10 hours of night time, a light set on low will operate throughout the night when charged for 5 sunlight hours or more. If there are less than 5 sunlight hours available the light may turn off before dawn but will still usually operate well into the night. If the light is not charged the battery capacity will continue to drop.  When it reaches too low a level the light will reset fully and the light will then draw no battery current but the last mode is no longer remembered.  If a battery is removed or a battery “door” is unscrewed more than about 1/4 turn the light will turn off and the last mode will not be ‘remembered’.

 

When an operating light is placed in sunlight so that charging starts the LEDs will turn off. The light “remembers” what mode it was in and restarts in this mode when the sunlight is removed. If the light is charged for long enough to fully charge the battery, the charging then stops to protect the battery from over charging.

 

Battery capacity will decrease with time. Use of user installed larger capacity batteries can be expected to provide longer battery life both because of the extra initial capacity and because the batteries are not “deep cycled” so often in normal use.   Battery capacity is measured in mAh (milliamp hours). Operating time on a fully charged battery is about mAh/200 hours. The initially provided batteries are 800 mAh capacity and will provide 4+ hours of full power operation. If users fit eg 2500 mAh batteries they can expect about 2500/200 = 12+ hours of operation. Charging time is about mAh/80 sunshine hours. So an 800 mAh battery will take 800/80 = 10 sunshine hours to fully charge and a 2500 mAh battery about 2500/80 ~= 30 sunshine hours. On a good day charging will exceed these levels but these are a good guide of what may be typically expected in full sunshine. Obviously it will take several days of full sunlight to fully charge a 2500 mAh battery. Batteries will charge when light levels are lower than full sun, but charging will take longer.  Charging starts with about 6% sunlight and increases approximately linearly with increasing light levels.  A very bright but clouded sky can charge at 25% to 50% of maximum rate.  When charging, to achieve maximum charge rate the panel should be angled to point as directly at the sun as possible.  If leaving in the sun all day, angle the light so that it points at the “arc” in the sky that the sun travels over and so the light is pointing squarely at where the sun will be at midday. (Easier to do than describe).  If desired the light can be moved several times during the day for best effect, but the gains are surprisingly small compared to aligning the light in its best position initially.

 

Note that batteries MUST be inserted with all the positive ends DOWN (non-flat ends inserted first). The battery doors can be screwed tight, or opened, using a coin

Skyonic Corporation

Skyonic Corporation

Mark Clayton
Vice President, Corporate Relations
Tel: (512) 436-9276
Fax: (512) 436-9779
mark@skyonic.com

About
Skyonic is a for-profit Intellectual Property corporation dedicated to the proliferation of the internationally patented SkyMine™ process. SkyMine™ was developed with the intent to reduce global CO2 emissions and halt the advancement of global climate change without impacting development. Skyonic is based in Austin, Texas, with laboratory and field operations throughout the state.

THE HISTORY OF SKYONIC:
Like many great ideas, SkyMine™ began as an idea scribbled on a cocktail napkin and experiments conducted in the garage. The inventor of the SkyMine™ process, Joe Jones, founded Skyonic in 2005, incorporating it on January 7 of that year, in order to gain the funding and resources required to refine and proliferate this technology. Skyonic also filed a technology-defining method patent on the SkyMine™ process in 2005 with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Skyonic performed research and laboratory-scale testing on the process at Southwest Research Institute in 2005 and 2006, and began field testing the process at a coal-burning power plant in Texas later that year. Currently, Skyonic is performing pilot-scale demonstration plant work at Luminant’s Big Brown Steam Electric Station in Fairfield, Texas, in real-world conditions.

Technology

The Skyonic SkyMine™ process addresses the significant issue of climate change through the mineralization of CO2 as carbonate compounds. SkyMine™ is a post-combustion carbon capture and sequestration technology that works with any large-scale stationary CO2 emitter (e.g.- coal, natural gas or oil fired power plant). The process is effective, ecologically and thermodynamically sound, and can be done profitably. Since the technology can be retrofitted to existing facilities or designed into new ones, it addresses both the current problem of climate change, and the future demand for cleaner energy to support development.

The SkyMine™ process removes heavy metals, acid gasses, and carbon dioxide from conditioned at-temperature flue gas. SkyMine™ stores the carbon emissions as stable sodium bicarbonate (better-than-food-grade baking soda) for long-term storage as land or mine fill and returns the flue gas to the plants stack for release. This means that the SkyMine™ process is a non-emitter.

The feed chemical for the reaction to remove the carbon is sodium hydroxide, which is produced on site as a part of the SkyMine™ process. This reaction to produce sodium hydroxide also produces hydrogen and chlorine as byproducts. These can be sold to market at a profit, not only defraying the cost of CO2 removal, but even generating a profit for the SkyMine™ operators. These chemicals are also “green”; they are produced at low energy and without emitting CO2 (since the heat to drive the process is captured from the heat in the flue gas.

THE BENEFITS OF SKYMINE™:

  • The SkyMine™ process turns gaseous CO2 emissions into solid, stable carbonates (primarily sodium bicarbonate).
  • The SkyMine™ technology does this with a competitively low energy penalty.
  • The SkyMine™ process also removes mercury and heavy metals, as well as acid-rain gasses from the flue stream.
  • The SkyMine™ technology produces clean (non-methane-based) hydrogen and low-energy chlorine.

A SkyMine™ plant can be operated at a profit, because the hydrogen produced (as well as the chlorine and bicarbonates) have commercial value.

HelioVolt

HelioVolt

HelioVolt Corporation
8201 E. Riverside Dr. Suite 600
Austin, Texas 78744-1604

Telephone: 512-767-6000

Overview

Solar power isn’t new. What’s new is commercializing solar products to the point of mass-market adoption. HelioVolt’s innovation is at the very core of this turning point for energy production. A high-speed and exceptionally flexible solution, HelioVolt’s FASST™ technology is the breakthrough to a new generation of customized photovoltaic products – high in quality, low in cost, seamlessly integrated into the buildings we live and work in every day.

Technology – Thin Film CIGS

Sidestepping a dependence on costly silicon, Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) is inherently nature’s best solar-absorbing material. Leading the way for cost- and performance-efficient solar power-generation, CIGS offers a number of key benefits:

  • Thinner is better: Calling for a layer 100 times thinner than conventional silicon solar systems, CIGS material efficiencies drive down costs. In fact, a few dollars’ worth of CIGS raw ingredients can deliver the same power as a hundred dollars’ worth of silicon wafers. Manufactured with HelioVolt’s FASST™ technology, our products deliver a comparable performance to multi-crystalline silicon. They also bypass the costly assembly of cells made of silicon, and certain other thin films, into modules.
  • Best performance: CIGS is the most durable and efficient thin-film material to replace silicon for solar systems.
  • Long life: Weather-resistant and robust, with lifespan and warranties equivalent to silicon.
  • Seamless: Our thin-film CIGS can be printed directly onto a variety of construction materials, creating energy-generating building products. Think of it as one-step solar.

Technology – FASST

What sets HelioVolt apart is their award-winning manufacturing process, FASST™. Like its name implies, they’ve developed the fastest and most cost-effective technology for printing thin-film CIGS on the market today. 10 to 100 times faster than current processes, HelioVolt’s FASST™ method manufactures a photovoltaic thin film that is 100 times thinner than traditional silicon. The potential: new landscapes wrapped in solar skin. Customizable to architectural design. Aesthetically pleasing to the eye.

  • Rapid and revolutionary: Their patented solar “printing” process is a high-speed, large-area method for manufacturing silicon-free thin-film photovoltaics for commercial-scale production. Many times faster than other thin-film technologies, the real advantage of FASST™ is its unique ability to nano-engineer solar thin films.
  • Flexible and customizable: HelioVolt can print directly onto multiple construction materials – glass, steel, metal, composites and some polymers. Mindful of architectural aesthetics, our method enables customization in a range of shapes and sizes. The market opportunity: a new breed of seamlessly solarized building materials, architectural modules and building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) products – what we call PV “power buildings.”

Hydro Green Energy, LLC

Hydro Green Energy, LLC

Email: info@hgenergy.com
Phone: 877-556-6566
Fax: 713-339-9537

Mailing Address:
5090 Richmond Avenue, #390
Houston , TX 77056

Physical Address:
3013 Fountain View Drive, Ste. 140
Houston , TX 77057

About

Hydro Green Energy, LLC is a for profit renewable energy project developer and integrator that designs, builds, and operates kinetic hydro power projects that generate electricity exclusively from moving water (river currents, tidal currents, and ocean currents) without having to construct dams, impoundments, conduits, or other infrastructure projects.

Hydro Green Energy sells the power generated by the patented hydro power turbine arrays (HTA) via long term power purchase agreements to project equity partners or power marketing firms at wholesale rates. Operating as an Independent Power Producer (IPP), kinetic hydro power offers the lowest cost renewable energy source since water current resources are predictable, available 24 hours a day unlike solar, and have an energy density 850 times greater than wind.

Hydro Green Energy has been awarded a U.S. Patent and has International Patents pending on the Company’s core technology. Additional U.S. Patents are pending. Additional International Patents are pending on technologies surrounding the Company’s core patent. Renewable energy production is extremely attractive due to the fact there are no raw material costs associated with the power generation or deleterious unwanted side effects such as the generation of greenhouse gasses or nuclear waste. Although many different schema have been tried in various renewable energy markets, most suffer the debilitating issue that the produced energy costs more than competitive fossil fuel based power generation methods.

The motivating concept behind the Hydro Green Energy is to reduce the cost of non emitting renewable energy production so that it is less expensive that fossil fuel generated power.

Products

Hydro+

Advantages:Hydropower Turbine Array Dam Picture
• Use non capacity amendment
• licence mod – $45K and 6 – 8 months
• Qualifies for Section 45 Incremental Production Tax Credit
• Install in tail race
• No effect on net head
• Marine life safe (fish survivability > 97%)
• Existing infrastructure reduces overall project cost
• Transmission line typically less then 350 feet of 480 volts
• Individual unit capacities up to 350 KW
• Assemble multiple units into HTA
• Install while conventional units online
• No opportunity cost
• Suspended from surface – no USALE Section 404
• Increase site output from 2 – 10% + that qualifies for Section 45 Incremental Hydropower Production Tax Credit of 1.0 kwhHydropower Turbine Array Dam Picture
• No effect on water chemistry
• No effect on dissolved oxygen
• No effect on turbidity or clarity
• Easily repositionable to find”sweet spot” if flow significantly changes
• Easily decomissionable and removable
• No divers required for installation
• Extractable runner for installation and safety of maintenance & inspection operations
• Surface platform provides highest degree of safety maintenance& inspection operations
• Surface platform provides stable operational surface for maintenance & inspection operations
High degree of safety results in lower insurance rates
• No shut down cost associated with installation & startup
• Ultra competitive on cost/kw basis
• Start to finish turn key project in less than 12 months

Current+

Advantages:Run-Of-River Current Photo
Hydrokinetic pilot license process
• Marine life safe (fish survivability > 97%)
• Transmission line typically less then 350 feet of 480 volts
• Individual unit capacities up to 350 KW
• Assemble multiple units into HTA
• No opportunity cost
• Suspended from surface – no USACE Section 404
• No effect on water chemistry
• No effect on dissolved oxygen
• No effect on turbidity or clarity
• Easily repositionable to find”sweet spot” if flow significantly changes
• Easily decomissionable and removableRun-Of-River Current Photo
• No divers required for installation
• Extractable runner for installation and safety of maintenance & inspection operations
• Surface platform provides highest degree of safety maintenance & inspection operations
• Surface platform provides stable operational surface for maintenance & inspection operations
• High degree of safety results in lower insurance rates
• No shut down cost associated with installation & startup
• Ultra competitive on cost/kw basis
• Start to finish turn key project in less than 12 months
• Install in remote locations
• Can be used for off grid generation
• Can be used for distributed generation
• Scalable for towns or villages
• Quick and easy to deploy in developing world
• Projects create local jobs
• Projects provide local technical training

Tidal+

Advantages:Hydropower Tidal Energy Bore Picture
Hydrokinetic pilot license process
• Marine life safe (fish survivability > 97%)
• Transmission line typically less then 350 feet of 480 volts
• Individual unit capacities up to 350 KW
• Assemble multiple units into HTA
• No opportunity cost
• Suspended from surface – no USACE Section 404
• No effect on water chemistry
• No effect on dissolved oxygen
• No effect on turbidity or clarity
• Easily repositionable to find”sweet spot” if flow significantly changes
• Easily decomissionable and removable
• No divers required for installation
• Extractable runner for installation and safety of maintenance & inspection operations
• Surface platform provides highest degree of safety maintenance & inspection operations
• Surface platform provides stable operational surface for maintenance & inspection operations
• High degree of safety results in lower insurance rates
• No shut down cost associated with installation & startup
• Ultra competitive on cost/kw basisHydropower Tidal Energy Bore Picture
• Start to finish turn key project in less than 12 months
• Install in remote locations
• Can be used for off grid generation
• Can be used for distributed generation
• Scalable for towns or villages
• Quick and easy to deploy in developing world
• Projects create local jobs
• Projects provide local technical training

Ocean+

Advantages:Hydropower Ocean Current Picture
Hydrokinetic pilot license process
• Marine life safe (fish survivability > 97%)
• Assemble multiple units into HTA
• Suspended from surface – no USACE Section 404
• No effect on water chemistry
• No effect on dissolved oxygen
• No effect on turbidity or clarity
• Easily repositionable to find”sweet spot” if flow significantly changes
• Easily decomissionable and removable
• Extractable runner for installation and safety of maintenance & inspection operations
• Surface platform provides highest degree of safety maintenance & inspection operations
• Surface platform provides stable operational surface for maintenance & inspection operations
• High degree of safety results in lower insurance rates
• Ultra competitive on cost/kw basis

Valcent Products Inc.

Valcent Products Inc,.

Investor Relations
Suite 1010 – 789 West Pender Street
Vancouver, B.C. V6C 1H2
Bob Faris or Steve McGuire or Gerry Jardine

Tel: 1-800-877-1626 or 604-606-7979

E-mail: info@valcent.net

About

Valcent Products Inc. is a U.S. public traded company (VCTPF: OTCBB) with offices in Vancouver, B.C. and El Paso, Texas.

Valcent Products Inc. researches and develops life enhancing industrial, commercial and consumer products and processes that have mass consumer appeal and/or widespread commercial/industrial applications. All Valcent products and processes have patents or patents pending on integral technologies.

Vertigro Energy is a joint venture established with Global Green Solutions Inc. to market world wide Valcent’s patent-pending Vertigro bioreactor technology developed to provide a profitable and viable renewable energy resource and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

High Density Vertical Bioreactor

The Holy Grail in the renewable energy sector has been to create a clean, green process which uses only light, water and air to create fuel. Valcent’s HDVB algae-to-biofuel technology mass produces algae, vegetable oil which is suitable for refining into a cost-effective, non-polluting biodiesel. The algae derived fuel will be an energy efficient replacement for fossil fuels and can be used in any diesel powered vehicle or machinery. In addition, 90% by weight of the algae is captured carbon dioxide, which is “sequestered” by this process and so contributes significantly to the reduction of greenhouse gases. Valcent has commissioned the world’s first commercial-scale bioreactor pilot project at its test facility in El Paso, Texas.

Current data projects high yields of algae biomass, which will be harvested and processed into algal oil for biofuel feedstock and ingredients in food, pharmaceutical, and health and beauty products at a significantly lower cost than comparable oil-producing crops such as palm and soyabean (soybean).

The HDVB technology was developed by Valcent in recognition and response to a huge unsatisfied demand for vegetable oil feedstock by Biodiesel refiners and marketers. Biodiesel, in 2000, was the only alternative fuel in the United States to have successfully completed the Environmental Protection Agency required Tier I and Tier II health effects testing under the Clean Air Act. These tests conclusively demonstrated Biodiesel’s significant reduction of virtually all regulated emissions. A U.S. Department of Energy study has shown that the production and use of Biodiesel, compared to petroleum diesel, resulted in a 78.5% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.

Algae, like all plants, require carbon dioxide, water with nutrients and sunlight for growth. The HDVB bioreactor technology is ideal for location adjacent to heavy producers of carbon dioxide such as coal fired power plants, refineries or manufacturing facilities, as the absorption of CO2 by the algae significantly reduces greenhouse gases. These reductions represent value in the form of Certified Emission Reduction credits, so-called carbon credits, in jurisdictions that are signatories to the Kyoto Protocol. Although the carbon credit market is still small, it is growing fast, valued in 2005 at $6.6 Billion in the European Union and projected to increase to $77 Billion if the United States accepts a similar national cap-and-trade program.

Valcent’s HDVB bioreactor system can be deployed on non-arable land, requires very little water due to its closed circuit process, does not incur significant labor costs and does not employ fossil fuel burning equipment, unlike traditional food/biofuel crops, like soy and palm oil. They require large agricultural acreage, huge volumes of water and chemicals, and traditional farm equipment and labor. They are also much less productive than the HDVB process: soybean, palm oil and conventional pond-grown algae typically yield 48 gallons, 635 gallons and 10,000 gallons per acre per year respectively.