Category: Germany

Konarka Technologies, Inc.

Konarka Technologies, Inc
116 John Street
Suite 12, 3rd Floor
Lowell, MA 01852 USA

P: +1 978-569-1400
F: +1 978-569-1402


Konarka is developing and advancing nano-enabled polymer photovoltaic materials that are lightweight, flexible and more versatile than traditional solar materials.

Using proprietary materials developed by our world-class technical team and low cost manufacturing processes, Konarka scientists and engineers have created an entirely unique solar material with attributes unlike any existing product. This new breed of coatable, flexible, plastic photovoltaics can be used in a wide range of applications where traditional photovoltaics cannot compete. Konarka’s technical advances will expand the relevance of solar technology across product lines, as well as across economic divides, providing low cost power wherever it is needed.

Konarka currently employs over 70 staff in the US, Europe, and Asia , with global headquarters in Lowell, Massachusetts, and European operations in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, and a presence in Asia.


Konarka’s Power Plastic® is made using low cost organic materials (organic photovoltaics, or OPV). Such 3rd generation technologies are rapidly emerging to displace 1st and 2nd generation technologies by overcoming their technical limitations and delivering a truly cost-effective renewable power solution.

1st Generation

Crystalline silicon photovoltaic (PV) technology was first developed more than 50 years ago at Bell Labs in New Jersey based on silicon wafers, and is known as 1st generation solar technology. Silicon-based technology is technically proven and reliable, and has succeeded in achieving market penetration, primarily in off-grid remote areas and in grid-connected applications where sufficient subsidies are available to offset its high cost. There are several inherent limitations to this 1st generation, however. Silicon wafers are fragile, making processing difficult and limiting potential applications. The process is very labor and energy intensive, and manufacturing plant capital costs are high, limiting scale-up potential. And because materials represent more than 60% of manufacturing costs and silicon supply is finite, the long term potential for cost reduction is insufficient to deliver broadly affordable energy.

2nd Generation

To simplify manufacturing and reduce costs, a 2nd generation known as thin film technologies was developed. These technologies are typically made by depositing a thin layer of photo-active material onto glass or a flexible substrate, including metal foils, and they commonly use amorphous silicon (a-Si), copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS), or cadmium telluride (CdTe) as the semiconductor. Thin film PV is less subject to breakage when manufactured on a flexible foil. However, the promise of low cost power has not been realized, and efficiency remains lower than that of 1st generation solar. Some questions also remain about the toxic legacy of the materials, both in manufacturing and at the end of life.

3rd Generation

It has been estimated that 3rd generation solar technologies will achieve higher efficiencies and lower costs than 1st or 2nd generation technologies (Green, M., Third Generation Photovoltaics, Advanced Solar Energy Conversion). Today, the 3rd generation approaches being investigated include dye-sensitized titania solar cells, organic photovoltaics, tandem cells, and materials that generate multiple electron-hole pairs. To maximize performance, Konarka scientists have been involved in research efforts in all of these areas, including novel combinations of these approaches.


Konarka Power Plastic is a photovoltaic material that captures both indoor and outdoor light and converts it into direct current (DC) electrical energy. This energy can be used immediately, stored for later use, or converted to other forms. Power Plastic can be applied to a limitless number of potential applications – from microelectronics to portable power, remote power and building-integrated applications.

They will soon be announcing the availability of their seven standard products. These products include Konarka Power Plastic panels ranging from their KT 25 (0.25W) to their KT 3000 (26W), perfect for many portable and remote power applications.

KT 3000 (26 Watt–16 Volt)

Measuring 2384mm x 652mm (93.8″ x 25.6″) enables remote power generation for battery charging and communication devices.

KT 1500 (12 Watt–16 Volt)

Measuring 1104mm x 652mm (43.5″ x 25.6″) is designed for remote power applications requiring 12 volts of power.

KT 800 (8 Watt–8 Volt/1-Amp)

Measuring 1530mm x 352mm (60.2″ x 13.8″) is ideal for charging batteries for portable mobile phone-sized electronic devices. Connect two panels in series for charging 12-volt batteries to power laptop-sized devices.

KT 500 (5 Watt–8 Volt)

Measuring 890mm x 352mm (35.1″ x 13.8″) can harness enough power to charge portable batteries, mobile phones, PDA’s and other small devices.

KT 200 (2 Watt–8 Volt)

Measuring 464mm x 352mm (18.3″ x 13.8″) can generate enough power to charge portable batteries.

KT 50 (0.5 Watt–4 Volt)

Measuring 194mm x 172mm (7.6″ x 6.8″) can be affixed to almost any surface for charging microelectronics and sensors.

KT 25 (0.25 Watt–4 Volt)

Measuring 117mm x 172mm (4.6″ x 6.8″) can be affixed to almost any surface for charging microelectronics and sensors.

SULFURCELL Solartechnik GmbH

SULFURCELL Solartechnik GmbH


12489 Berlin


Tel.: +49 (0)30 63 92 – 38 00 / – 38 42

Fax: +49 (0)30 63 92 – 38 01

Sulfurcell has been manufacturing and developing thin-film solar modules based on chalcopyrite-type semiconductors (CIS/CIGSe) since 2003. As an industrial company in Berlin their origin is at the Hahn-Meitner-Institut, Europe’s largest research institute on thin-film photovoltaics. To date technological leadership as well as continuous improvement of their products have been their principal goals.

Driven by entrepreneurs the company is supported by renowned private equity investors and strategic partners such as Intel Capital, Climate Change Capital and the BEU fund owned by Gaz de France and Vattenfall Europe.

Their modules feature an unobtrusive and homogeneous outward appearance and meet the highest aesthetic expectations. Since market introduction in 2005 they are integrated in roofs or facades and give buildings a modern and distinguished design. Long-term stability and high quality standards have been proven at TUV Rheinland, where all tests with respect to IEC 61646 have been passed.

Sulfurcell distributes their solar modules via selected system integrators. In order to fulfill the booming demand, Sulfurcell started to expand their production in July 2008. Their second factory will have a capacity of 75 MW.


Sulfurcell solar modules come in three different designs:

framed standard module

frameless laminate

roof-integrated module

  • Sulfurcell solar modules are protected from the harshest weather conditions by means of an EVA plastic film and a glass pane. Providing the solar modules with torsion-resistant, corrosion-resistant aluminium frames guarantees a long service life and durability.
  • Sulfurcell provides a ten-year guarantee on 90% and a 20-year guarantee on 80% of the electric power.
  • For quick and safe installation on site, the Sulfurcell solar modules come pre-assembled with connection cable and plug-in system.
  • Sulfurcell stands for first-class workmanship – made in Germany.
  • Sulfurcell modules have passed the stringent TÜV testing according to IEC61646

Evergreen Solar, Inc.

Evergreen Solar, Inc.

Worldwide Headquarters

Evergreen Solar Inc.
138 Bartlett Street
Marlboro, MA 01752 USA
T: +1 508.357.2221
F: +1 508.229.0747

European Headquarters

Evergreen Solar GmbH
Joachimstaler Straße 15
10719 Berlin, Germany
T: +49 30.886.145.20
F: +49 30.883.96.33


Evergreen Solar has rapidly become a global technology leader and innovator in the solar industry. And although technology is what Evergreen thrives on, bringing it to practical, commercial scale solutions is what drives each and every one of them. They have been in business for more than 13 years which makes them well established experts in the industry. They are a public company that’s experiencing rapid growth, and can be found under ESLR on the NASDAQ stock exchange.


With innovations like String Ribbon manufacturing, it’s no wonder Evergreen Solar is recognized as the brightest star in the solar industry. But String Ribbon is just the beginning. They have more innovations in the works, including a revolutionary method of producing thinner wafers, and unique ways to boost their manufacturing and product efficiencies even further. Add the fact that they manufacture everything — wafers, cells and panels — all under one roof for ultimate quality control, and it’s clear that Evergreen Solar is committed to being the best in the industry.


Spruce Line™ Photovoltaic Solar Panels

Our Spruce Line™ features high power, state-of-the-art solar panels up to 195W designed specifically for residential or commercial applications. These solar panels offer the end-user superior performance and complete peace of mind while providing the utmost in installation flexibility. Key benefits of our Spruce Line solar panels include:

Spruce Line

  • Best-in-class performance ratings proven by field installations
  • 98% of rated power guaranteed for 180, 190W product; 100% guaranteed for 195W product
  • 5 year workmanship and 25 year power warranty
  • Smallest carbon foot-print leading the fight against global warming
  • Quickest energy payback time for maximum energy conservation

Nanosolar, Inc.

Nanosolar, Inc.

United States
Nanosolar, Inc.
5521 Hellyer Avenue
San Jose, CA 95138
Fax: 408.365.5965

Nanosolar GmbH
Frankenfelder Chaussee 2
14943 Luckenwalde
Fax: +49.3371.68986 x100


Nanosolar is a global leader in solar power innovation. They are setting the standard for affordable green power with solar cell technology of distinctly superior cost efficiency, versatility, and availability.

Their mission is very simple: Delivering cost-efficient solar electricity.

Leveraging recent science in nanostructured materials, we have developed a critical mass of engineering advances that profoundly change the cost efficiency and production scalability of solar electricity cells and panels.

Their first product, the Nanosolar Utility Panel™ enables unprecedented system economics at utility scale.

Founded in 2002, they are building the world’s largest solar cell factory in California and the world’s largest panel-assembly factory in Germany.


The following two products are now availabe to wholesale volume customers:

  • Nanosolar Utility Panel™. Specifically designed for utility-scale power plants, Nanosolar Utility Panel™ is the industry-best solution for MW-sized PV systems.

    A high-power, high-current panel, the Nanosolar Utility Panel™ features proprietary cell and panel design innovations that enable our panel product to have an entire factor more power and to carry 5-10 times more current than typical thin-film panels.

    Available wholesale to select system integrators and electric utilities.

  • Nanosolar SolarPly™.Light-weight solar-electric cell foil which can be cut to any size. Non-fragile. No soldering required for electrical contact.

    Available wholesale to strategic partners.

First Solar, Inc

First Solar, Inc


350 West Washington Street
Suite 600
Tempe, AZ 85281-1244
Phone: 602-414-9300
Fax: 602-414-9400
First Solar Electric, LLC
400 Somerset Corporate Boulevard
Suite 501
Bridgewater, NJ 08807
Phone: 908-526-7900
Fax: 908-526-7911
First Solar GmbH
Customer Operations
Rheinstrasse 4N
D-55116 Mainz, Deutschland
Phone: +49 (0) 6131 1443-0
Fax: +49 (0) 6131 1443-500First Solar, Inc.
28101 Cedar Park Blvd
Perrysburg , OH 43551

Mailing Address:
First Solar Inc.
PO Box 730
Toledo, OH 43697-0730Phone: 419-662-8500
First Solar Manufacturing GmbH
Marie – Curie – Str. 3
D-15236 Frankfurt (Oder), Deutschland
Phone: +49 (0) 335 521020
Fax: +49 (0) 335 52102199
First Solar Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.
No 8, Jalan Hi-Tech 3/3
Zon Indusrtri Fasa 3, Kulim Hi-Tech Park
09000, Kulim, Kedah Darul Aman
Phone: +604 4016 888
Fax: +604 4016 800
First Solar GmbH
International Business and Governmental Affairs
Energieforum – Stralauer Platz 34
D-10243 Berlin – Germany
Phone: +49 (0)30 2977 9449
Fax: +49 (0)30 2977 9531

First Solar has made the Promise of Thin Film a Reality and has become one of the fastest growing manufacturers of solar modules in the world.

Major Milestones

  • First Solar was formed in 1999 and launched production of commercial products in 2002
  • First Solar’s IPO took place on November 17, 2006; Common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol FSLR
  • First Solar has achieved the lowest manufacturing cost per watt in the industry
  • First Solar has long term module supply contracts in place with leading solar project developers for more than 3.4 gigawatts of PV modules through 2012
  • First Solar has expanded manufacturing capacity to 277 MW in 2007; additional plants under construction will bring total capacity to 910 MW in 2009
  • Average module conversion efficiency is 10.5% as of September 2007
  • First Solar developed the first pre-funded module collection and recycling program in the PV industry


First Solar FS Series PV Modules are designed for large scale, grid-connected solar power plants and are sold to leading solar project developers for use in commercial PV projects. First Solar application engineers provide full technical support and industry leading, comprehensive product documentation to our partners to ensure that systems are optimized for high performance and long term reliability.

FS Series Product Features

  • Advanced thin film design produces high energy across a wide range of climatic conditions with excellent low light response and temperature coefficient
  • Proven to perform as predicted with a high Performance Ratio (PR)
  • Frameless laminate is robust, cost effective and recyclable
  • Manufactured in highly automated state-of-the-art facilities certified to ISO9001:2000 quality and ISO14001:2004 environmental management standards
  • Tested by leading US and European institutes and certified for reliability and safety:
    • Safety Class II Certified
    • Certified to IEC 61646
    • CE Mark
    • UL 1703