Category: California

Aurora Biofuels

Aurora Biofuels
1301 Harbor Bay Parkway
Alameda, CA 94502



Aurora Biofuels generates biodiesel from optimized algae in a patented production process. Leading technologists at Aurora Biofuels have developed a cost-competitive, scalable method for fuel generation using robust, highly-productive custom algae strains in open pond systems.

The company is engaged in rapid commercialization of its biofuel product. They have successfully operated a pilot facility that has consistently produced algae biomass since August of 2007, thereby proving the viability of the company’s process. They are currently developing a 20-acre demonstration plant, to be completed in 2009, that will further showcase the company’s ability to produce biofuel at scale. Aurora expects to begin commercial production in 2012.

The Aurora Biofuels process is carbon-mitigating, noncompetitive with agriculture, and capable of industrial yields with a minimal land requirement. In addition, the company is poised to provide dramatic incentives and benefits to a number of industries by allowing carbon dioxide producers to sequester their emissions and convert it to low-cost, oil-rich algae biomass.


Aurora Biofuels combines the latest in biotechnology and process engineering to create a pathway for the cost-effective mass production of algae based biofuels.

The company’s patented system begins with proprietary biology. Leading scientists at Aurora Biofuels have screened a myriad of strains in search of microalgae that outperform others in terms of oil production and yield. Aurora has further bred its select portfolio to maximize fuel-production performance and to be cost-effective at scale.

Aurora grows its optimized algae in specially engineered open ponds that provide a favorable environment for rapid algae production.

Using a proprietary hydrodynamic design, Aurora has developed pond systems which nurture algae with preferable conditions. These conditions include a carbon dioxide-rich environment with optimal fluid dynamic characteristics. Techniques have been developed to minimize energy demands throughout the growth and fuel production phases of the process. Once extracted, the algae oil is ready for further processing into the end product, biodiesel. And, the remaining algae mass becomes protein-rich animal feed.

The Aurora fuel production process not only provides for cost-effective, large-scale production of biofuel, but it does so in an environmentally beneficial way.

The Aurora process does not compete for agricultural resources. Aurora has a minimal environmental footprint: the system, which is extremely efficient in terms of land usage, uses salt water in its ponds and can be built on unarable land. Compared to sugar-based fuels, Aurora Biofuels can produce an equivalent amount of fuel on approximately 1/25th the land space. Compared to oil-rich agricultural crops, such as soy, Aurora Biofuels’ approach is 70-100 times more productive.

Aurora’s algae feed on carbon dioxide and sequester 90 percent of the CO2 fed into their environment. Because of this ability, Aurora Biofuels will become an important player in the emerging cap-and-trade market by converting carbon producers’ waste emissions into algae feedstock.

The company is actively scaling its technology for industrial production and expects to complete a 20-acre demonstration plant in 2010 and achieve full commercial production in 2012.

Cherrypal, Inc.

Cherrypal, Inc.

Info: +1 (650) 515-3570
2134 Old Middlefield Way
Mountain View, CA 94043, USA


CherryPal is changing the world one computer at a time. They have created the most affordable, easiest to use and greenest netbook computer availble.  The Bing is a newly designed netbook with a “big enough” 10.2″ screen. The Bing is designed with the user in mind.  It does all the things you do every day: surf the web, keep in touch with your friends, listen to music, watch videos, word processing, presentations and spreadsheets, all without the hassle of a traditional PC.  Applying Cherrypal’s design principles the Bing is the fastest, most affordable  and least power consuming Intel Atom N270 based netbook on the market.  The Bing runs Linux based Grean Maraschino as well as Windows XP.

CherryPal takes “green” very seriously and built an A-to-Z environmentally friendly product.  With only 2 Watts of power consumption (under full load)  CherryPals consume less then 90% of energy compared to traditional systems.  Believe it or not, CherryPals use only 20 percent of parts compared to other systems.  Less heat exposure, less components, less wear and tear.

They believe it is fair to future generations to built the most energy efficient, least waste producing products possible today.  CherryPal believes it is fair to offer lasting and inexpensice products.  They believe in trusted partnerships.  True alliances provide win-win situations for everyone involved; their customers, their partners, Cherrrypal and last but not least the environment.

CherryPal has contributed their revolutionary open source HYPERCLOUD operating environment to GreenMaraschino in order to accelerate the development of ultra-low energy consuming technologies even more.  The GreenMaraschino HYPERCLOUD is a comprehensive Linux based operating environment, from Silicon to Super-Cloud architecture.


                     Cherrypal Bing Specifications:
The Bing

Powered by the Intel Atom N270 processor, the Bing offers:

1.6GHz operation, 1 GB DDRII memory, 160 GB HDD
3 USB 2.0; 1 earphone
SD/MMC/MS card socket

Wi-Fi (IEEE 802.11 b/g) built-in
Built-in microphone and dual speakers
10.2” TFT display with  1024 x 600 resolution, wide-screen
1.3M Pixel web camera, weight 3 lbs, 5 hours battery

The GreenMaraschino based CherryPal™ Bing laptop
(netbook) and the C114 desktop (nettop) come with the following
applications (Windows XP optional, additional license fees):
Browser, Office Productivity Suite (OpenOffice),  Video-player, Music
Player, Instant Messenger (Yahoo, AOL, Google, MSN), VoiP (Skype)

The CherryPal™ C114 desktop doesn’t heat up,
no noise, about double the size of a smart phone.
What’s inside? Not much actually, but more than
enough. The
Freescale  power architecture triple-
5121e processor provides a pleasant Internet  C114
browsing and
multimedia user experience. Many
free open-source based applications are pre-
installed locally, as well as access to the CherryPal
Cloud (optional):  


Freescale’s MPC5121e mobileGT processor, 800
MIPS (400 MHz) of processing
256 MB of DDR2 DRAM
8GB NAND Flash-based solid state drive
(increased from 4GB C100)
WiFi 802.11b/g Wi-Fi
Two USB 2.0 ports
One 10/100 Ethernet with RJ-45 jack
One VGA DB-15 display out jack
Headphone level stereo audio out 3.5mm jack
9vDC 2.5mm 10 watt AC-DC adapter power supply
Weighs 10 ounces
1.3” high, 5.8” x 4.2” wide

Planet Metrics

The Planet Metrics

1111 Bayhill Drive, #255
San Bruno, CA 94066
Phone: (415) 814-1578



Based in the heart of Silicon Valley, Planet Metrics was founded with the guiding philosophy that it is imperative to build the best in-class dataset using the most comprehensive and prominent resources available. A leader in the emerging Carbon Information Management (CIM) field, Planet Metrics has developed a pioneering solution to help corporate managers use our data to meet the growing challenges of a carbon-constrained economy.

Planet Metrics unique Rapid Carbon Modeling (RCM)™ software addresses FIVE distinct categories:

  • Performance Metrics
  • Baselines
  • Risk Analysis
  • Scenarios
  • Resource Productivity

Planet Metrics is inspired by companies and the individuals within organizations seeking to make a true impact on climate change. Their commitment is to model your data and deploy their system within weeks.


Their agile system for analyzing, tracking, and sharing information will enable sustainability professionals to build the business case for improvements and deliver value throughout the enterprise.

Companies need real innovation to achieve a competitive edge, and a revised strategy is needed to ensure a lasting advantage in an increasingly resource-constrained world. To effectively improve environmental performance, reduce costs, and mitigate risk, sustainability teams need varied sources of information about their company’s sustainability performance. This information must be measurable, representative, and linked to financial performance, as sustainability becomes a part of core business strategy.

Planet Metrics helps you answer strategic questions, explore the answers, and make decisions.  Planet Metric works with you to create representative carbon models of your products, services, and facilities. With their Rapid Carbon Modeling (RCM)™ software you will then have access to your models and will be able to:

  • Explore your baseline carbon and energy footprint, and run footprint scenarios covering the scope of your entire business
  • Incorporate quantifiable carbon metrics into your sustainability strategy
  • Identify strategic risks and opportunities associated with carbon and energy throughout your enterprise
  • Identify exposure to energy cost throughout your supply chain
  • Analyze products with highest exposure to embodied energy and carbon
  • Analyze margin impacts using future price of carbon and commodities throughout your supply chain


How It Works

Planet Metrics’ web-based Rapid Carbon Modeling (RCM)™ software helps organizations create and deploy innovative sustainability strategies.

Combining existing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) data, Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventories, and other enterprise Business Intelligence (BI) application data, Planet Metrics’ Rapid Carbon Modeling approach and visualization tools synthesize complex, scientific data and processes into easy-to-use reports and dashboards. Your primary data is supplemented with Planet Metrics’ extensive database of secondary data to maximize the accuracy of your footprint at a minimal cost. In under a month you will have the tools to:

  • Quantify your baseline carbon footprint
  • Breakdown emissions by product, geography, division and more
  • Identify ‘hotspots’ and targets for carbon reduction
  • Analyze material substitution, supplier change, carbon and energy price volatility scenarios, and potential carbon reduction projects
  • Track changes to your carbon footprint over time

Their solutions can provide executives with a broad, comparative view of carbon intensity, energy price risk, and innovation opportunities across the enterprise:

  • Operations – Facilities management, packaging for one or all product lines
  • Logistics – Compare by transport mode or, from region to region
  • By Products – One product, all products, product by category
  • By Materials – Raw materials, intermediate (or aggregate) materials, and finished goods
  • By Supplier – Compare by country of origin and transport modes
  • By Energy Content – Type and amount of energy embodied in products, added through the supply chain

The modeling system contains a large set of pre-built model libraries that they can deploy to fit any organization’s circumstances. These libraries cover all typically used packaging materials, modes of transport, building and process energy use, and various materials that are in common use across manufacturing and retail organizations.  Their libraries are combined with the database of global emissions factors, one of the world’s largest, to generate realistic representations of your all-inclusive footprint.

Some of the features of the Planet Metrics RCM platform:

  • Intuitive heatmap displays of GHG emissions and associated Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s)
  • User-selectable views
  • Zoom in / zoom out from global views to individual facilities, product parts, or processes.
  • Save views for reports, and supporting data for internal validation and quality control
  • Supports national and international emissions data
  • What-if scenarios for cost of carbon and cost of energy
  • What-if emissions and embodied energy scenarios for materials, process, and energy sources substitution
  • Product, process, and material emissions factors customization

Utility Scale Solar, Inc.

Utility Scale Solar, Inc.
Suite 300
228 Hamilton Avenue
Palo Alto, CA 94301
Phone: 650-798-5152    FAX: 650-798-5001
Email: info [at]


Utility Scale Solar, Inc. and its management team are dedicated to helping states, utilities, solar power plant builders, operators and investors achieve market rate with solar electric power generation and thereby make easy and inevitable the switch to carbon-free renewables.

Peter Childers, CEO and President

Peter Childers has 18 years experience leading advanced technology companies and business lines in a career that spans microelectronics manufacturing, telecommunications, systems management software, open source, and clean energy. Pete has played key roles leading innovation, operations and growth at companies from early stage thru IPO to NYSE listing. Pete specializes in developing opportunites in fully commoditized or new and disruptive fields where experts are saying, “that can’t be done”. The teams he develops create flexible business mechanisms that deliver overwhelmingly better customer value than competitors. In 1998 Pete joined open source software pioneer Red Hat, Inc. [NYSE: RHT] as employee 41, where he founded and grew the company’s second largest line of business to $60M, attracting over 500,000 paying customers worldwide and changing the game in software, IT training and certification in an arena where everyone was saying “that can’t be done”. Pete also developed online strategy and online business for this highly successful publicly traded company, ranked #1 for customer value 5 years in a row by CIO magazine. In 2007 Pete moved to Silicon Valley where he has been advising open source companies and developing new technology and ventures on the energy and cleantech frontier. Pete is co-inventor of the Megahelion drive.

Jonathan Blitz, CTO and VP Product Development

Jonathan Blitz is a versatile technologist with a background in ceramics, high temparature materials science and over five years of clean energy innovation. A graduate of the University of Missouri, Blitz spent five years in management at a ceramics equipment company and is a specialist in kiln firing and heating technologies and related materials science. Blitz has experience in design and maintenance of gas, electric and oil process heating control systems; biofuel processing and related engine and furnace modifications; piping, welding and manufacturing technologies and manufacturing suited to high heat-stress environments. An early pioneer and innovator in alternative fuels, Blitz has logged over 60,000 miles in his ‘Frytruck’, a Ford F250 diesel modified to refine and burn straight vegetable oil. A cum laude graduate of St. Louis University’s School of Law, Blitz served a two-year appointment as law clerk to a Senior United States Judge in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. Blitz is licensed and has practiced in Missouri, Illinois and North Carolina. Blitz is co-inventor of the Megahelion drive.

James Carucci, P.E., Chief of Plant Design and Engineering

James Carucci, P.E. is a professional engineer with 3 decades of leadership and achievement in advanced energy systems, thermodynamic systems analysis, and power plant design. An early innovator in CSP, Jim led a 1979 team project for a solar thermal concentrator that delivered steam to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s steam system over 16 years. At GE Power Systems Division Jim developed system designs for 60 MW solar thermal receivers, high temperature battery arrays, fuel cells, and IGCC. At UTC/Carrier Corporation Jim designed structures and piping systems for 250kW packaged fuel cell power plants. At Plug Power Jim tested and developed system designs for fuel cell power plants, including hybrid designs combining organic Rankine cycle, hydrogen storage, air and fuel compressors, and absorption refrigeration. Jim’s experience and talent in advanced energy technology, mechanical/electrical systems architecture, economic energy analysis, design/implementation, and systems integration/testing make him uniquely suited to lead the plant engineering team at USS, Inc. and bring next generation CSP innovations and new cost-efficient CSP plant designs to customers.

Tony Seba, Vice-President, Corporate Development

Tony Seba is a Silicon Valley industry veteran with 20 years operating experience in fast-growth high technology companies as CEO, CFO, and GM of major business lines in software, hardware, online B2B and supply chain businesses. Over the span of his career Tony has launched and organized project financing for more than 20 new products and product lines. As founder and CEO of Tony raised $30 million in investment capital. Prior to Tony held key positions leading business development and strategy for Cisco Systems and for RSA Data Security. Tony is the author of Winners Take All – The 9 Fundamental Rules of High Tech Strategy. A global executive who teaches and advises other global executives, Tony has been invited to teach high tech strategy and entrepreneurship at business schools and business development organizations worldwide. Tony is a lecturer at Stanford in high tech finance, strategy, and entrepreneurship.

Ben Shyman, Director, Finance and Business Development

Ben Shyman has 12 years experience in financial and economic analysis of traditional and renewable energy projects and markets, including comparative analysis. Ben provides financial models and analysis for USS clients, developers, lenders and investors. Ben works with clients on detailed analysis of plant capital cost, O&M, LEC, PPA, cashflow, project finance, and international finance. Prior to joining USS Ben was Founder, Managing Member and Senior Portfolio Manger of The Haussler Group, LLC, a New York based hedge fund specializing in energy, commodities and basic materials. From 2000 to 2006 Ben was Portfolio Manager and Securities Analyst for John A. Levin & Company, with primary focus on energy and responsible for over one billion dollars of investments in the Firm’s value-oriented portfolios. Ben also served as Portfolio Manager of the Firm’s Global Energy Sector Strategy Fund. Ben was Equity Research Analyst at First Albany Corporation and Research Associate at Gerard Klauer Mattison & Company. Ben earned a BA from SUNY, Binghamton in 1992 and a MBA from Columbia University in 1996.


USS was founded on advances in single and multi-axis positioning that enable new architectures for solar tracking across all solar formats. USS provides low cost, super-robust heliostats and sun-tracking systems for utility scale CSP, CPV, and Tracking PV based power generation.

Heliostats and sun-tracking systems account for 25% – 55% of CSP, Tracking PV, CPV plant capital costs and O&M costs. USS lowers these costs dramatically. Our products also enable significant savings on plant infrastructure and balance of system. USS delivers the full value of your total solar capture investment at far lower cost, creating potential for plant profitability at peak or baseload without subsidy or tax credit.

Megahelion[TM] dual axis heliostats for CSP, sun trackers for PV, CPV

  • Accepts any size mirror, or PV array, or CPV array, from 4m2 to 144m2
  • Robust drive technology
    • Indifferent to wind loads whether sustained or gusting
    • Indifferent to weight: spaceframe and applications can be of any metal
    • Impervious to dust, moisture and vibration
  • Only five moving parts
  • No gears, and therefore no backlash
  • Continuous smooth motion without stepping
  • Precision results achieved with non-precision components
  • Massive power: capable of up to 100,000 foot pounds of hinge moment
  • Better aiming with no degradation in accuracy over time
  • Sustains accuracy levels required for CSP, CPV over life of plant (25 years)
  • Improved manageability
    • Repair or replace drive components without dismasting
    • Self-powered option, no need to wire heliostat field
    • Fewer repairs, less costly repairs, more uptime
    • Can be maintained, repaired, or replaced on site by semi-skilled tradesmen
  • Lower cost of capital
  • Lower operating cost
  • Lower LCOE: 11% to 35% lower, depending on solar format and other factors

Megahelion[TM] line: single axis tracking for TPV, Trough, Fresnel

  • All of the above benefits in a simplified single-axis drive
  • Can be sized and adapted to drive
    • Long rows of trough for CSP
    • Fresnel panels for CSP
    • Long rows or arrays for single axis Tracking PV
  • OEM solutions available to qualified distributors, suppliers, integrators

Fisker Automotive, Inc.

Fisker Automotive, Inc.
19 Corporate Park
Irvine, CA 92606 – USA

Phone: 714-888-4255
Fax: 949-757-4230


Fisker Automotive is a green American premium sports car company with a mission to create a range of beautiful environmentally friendly cars that make environmental sense without compromise.

The concept was created between two independent companies who clearly wanted to make a difference in not only the automotive industry, but to the environment as well. Fisker Coachbuild, LLC and Quantum Technologies announced this joint venture partnership in September 2007. Fisker Coachbuild will provide exclusive design services for Fisker Automotive while Quantum Technologies (QTWW – a publicly traded company) will provide the latest technological advancements. Each car will feature cutting-edge plug-in hybrid penned as Q DRIVE exclusively for all Fisker Automotive vehicles.

A new segment is being created within the auto industry where people can really use their power of choice. They can choose to be environmentally friendly with their car purchase without compromising on the style and luxury that they are used to. We believe in less compromise and more efficiency.

Fisker Automotive strives to be a serious environmental alternative to other premium performance luxury cars on the road today. Fisker Automotive will be the first company in the world to have this type of a car on the road – a beautiful fast car that makes environmental sense.

Initial production is anticipated to be 15,000 vehicles annually with pricing to start at $87,900.



Luxury leads the way for the driver – and the environment – with the world’s first eco-chic cars created in equally eco-friendly facilities. The Karma’s dramatic proportions and sumptuous design offer smile-inducing performance. And the interior lets four adults and luggage travel in comfort. With zero emissions. Zero compromise. And a cleaner conscience than ever before.


The Karma uses Q-DRIVE plug-in hybrid technology, developed exclusively for Fisker Automotive by Quantum Technologies. A fully-charged Karma burns no fuel for the first 50 miles. Venture further and the gasoline engine turns a generator to charge the lithium ion battery. Once the 50-mile electric range has been exceeded, the car operates as a normal hybrid vehicle. This balance of electric and gas range makes it entirely possible that Karma drivers who charge their car overnight and commute less than 50 miles a day will achieve an average fuel economy of 100 mpg (2.4L/100km) per year.


Environmentalism has never been more beautifully infused with elegance and style. Designer Henrik Fisker has taken the automotive hybrid to a new level of performance and style. With zero compromise in either category.


  • Plug-in hybrid technology Q DRIVE
  • 0-60 in less than 6 seconds (0-100 km/h 6 seconds)
  • Top speed 125 mph (200 km/h)
  • Two Driving Modes: The driver will be able to select between two modes of driving. The first mode is Stealth Drive, which is the quiet economy mode for optimal relaxed and efficient driving. By flipping the second paddle behind the steering wheel, the car will switch to Sport Drive, which will access the full power of the vehicle.
  • Regenerative brakes featured to recapture braking energy
  • Low center of gravity provides optimal sport vehicle driving dynamic

SolFocus Inc.

SolFocus Inc.



SolFocus, Inc.

510 Logue Avenue
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone: +1.650.623.7100
Fax: +1.650.623.7101


SolFocus Europe, Inc.

María de Molina 39 7° Izq.
28006 Madrid, Spain
Phone: +

SolFocus has developed leading concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) technology which combines high-efficiency solar cells (approaching 40%) and advanced optics to provide solar energy solutions which are scalable, dependable and capable of delivering on the promise of clean, low-cost, renewable energy.

The SolFocus mission is to enable solar energy generation at a Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) competitive with traditional fossil fuel sources. To achieve this goal, SolFocus has developed leading concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) technology which combines high-efficiency solar cells (approaching 40%) and advanced optics to provide solar energy solutions which are scalable, dependable and capable of delivering on the promise of clean, low-cost, renewable energy. SolFocus is headquartered in Mountain View, California with European operations headquartered in Madrid, Spain, and manufacturing in Mesa, Arizona as well as with manufacturing partners in India and China.


SolFocus Technology Highlights

By concentrating sunlight using innovative optics onto a small area of high-efficiency solar cell material, SolFocus systems dramatically reduce the amount of expensive and often supply-constrained solar material used in the system. Learn more about SolFocus technology by selecting the components below.

Sol Focus CPV Sytems

CPV Power Unit

CPV Power Unit

Solfocus has developed an innovative reflective optic system which includes a primary mirror to capture sunlight and secondary mirror and non-imaging optic to concentrate it at 500 suns onto high-efficiency III-V solar cells.

CPV Power Unit

  • All-glass optics for durability
  • Low optical losses for high efficiency
  • Wide acceptance angle for high yield and lower cost
  • Designed to avoid chromatic aberrations and cell mismatching
  • High efficiency cells greater than 38% efficiency compared to 13% to 19% efficiency for silicon PV cells
  • 1cm2 cell per unit results in use of 1/1000th the active PV material
  • Robust cell design, originally designed for the demanding environment of satellites in space
  • High performance at high temperatures – not impacted by temperature degradation as are silicon PV cells

CPV Panel

CPV Panel

The CPV Power units are integrated into a robust panel design which is optimized for high efficiency, high reliability, and field durability. The panels are TUV certified and CEC listed.

CPV Panel

  • Industry-leading efficiency and power output
  • TUV certified, CEC listed
  • Power output rated at operational conditions
  • High energy output sustained at high temperatures
  • Utilize field-proven materials for high reliability and field durability
  • 95% glass and aluminum components for high recyclability
  • Glass components immune to long-term UV degradation
  • Panels fully enclosed with no exposed mirrors
  • Passive cooling system for high reliability and low cost

CPV System

CPV System

SolFocus CPV systems with their industry-leading efficiency can be deployed from small to large-scale installations, providing high energy output and maximum energy production per area of land.

CPV System

  • Maintains high energy output at high temperatures
  • Maximizes energy production per acre/hectare to reduce land use
  • Systems scalable from hundreds of kilowatts to 50+ megawatt installations
  • Allows dual-use of land
  • Robust, industrialized design for field durability and system reliability
  • High-volume manufacturing not impacted by silicon supply constraints

Dual-Axis Tracker

Dual-Axis Tracker

SolFocus CPV panels are integrated with dual axis trackers and precise tracker control systems which are optimized for the SolFocus panels, maintaining high energy output throughout the day.

Dual-Axis Tracker

  • SolFocus designed trackers are optimized for SolFocus panels and integrated into a complete system
  • Engineered for optimum stiffness and provide tracking accuracy of 0.1 degree
  • Extended tracking range for all locations
  • Ephemeris-based open-loop tracking
  • Self-calibration using proprietary SolFocus control system
  • Wind and night stow positions for safety and reliability
  • System monitoring software calibrates pointing accuracy
  • Remote system management reduces onsite maintenance

APowerCap Technologies, LLC

541 Jefferson Ave. Suite 100
Redwood City, CA  94063, USA
Tel: +1 650 206 2323

Eastern Europe
21, Lobanovskoho Str, block 6,
Chaiki, Kiev-Svyatoshin District, Kyiv Region, 08130, Ukraine
Tel: +(380)44 569 5678
Fax: +(380)44 569 5679


APowerCap Technologies, LLC (APCT) is a company backed by a pioneering Ukrainian venture capital firm TechInvest. Incorporated in the U.S. in 2006, APCT has R&D and production facilities in Kyiv, Ukraine. APCT develops breakthrough ultracapacitor-based power modules for wide range of applications.

APCT technologies will bring new level of efficiency to dozens of verticals, including vehicles (hybrid, PHEV, electro), consumer electronics, telecommunications, energy generation, quality power supply and others.

APowerCap development team has been conducting research in the field of ultracapacitors for more than 17 years. R&D on ultracapacitors began within the framework of a special project of the Ministry of Electronics of the former Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, members of the R&D team established a company, which offered contract R&D services for international clients in ultracapacitor technology. Among its clients were Skeleton Technologies (former SuperFarad), Idaho National Laboratory, Ener1, Inc.

In 2005, ultracapacitor technology project became a finalist of Ukrainian High-Tech Competition, and successfully presented the technology to international VC investors at SVOD Technology conference in Silicon Valley. In 2006, APowerCap Technologies was established and received seed investment from TechInvest.

APCT R&D team has a number of Ukrainian and Russian patents on ultracapacitors technology and ultracapacitor parts, which were transferred to APCT. Based on the know-how accumulated by the R&D team, APCT has filed two US patents.

Ultracapacitor prototypes, developed by APCT, have been tested by leading industry experts, including:

  • ABB Research Center (Sweden, 1996-1997)
  • INEEL (1997-1998)
  • ITS, Davis, CA (1997-2006)

Test results of APCT ultracapacitor prototypes of 55 F, were highly appreciated by participants of the 16th International Seminar on Double Layer Capacitors & Hybrid Energy Storage Devices in 2006. According to Dr. Burke, a recognized expert in ultracapacitors and relative technologies, APCT ultracapacitors have superior performance comparing with other developers. «The RC time constant of the APowerCap cell is significantly lower and its peak power is considerably higher than any ultracapacitor previously tested from other developers», said Andrew Burke.

Tests have demonstrated that APCT has achieved the best results in the world in ultracapacitor performance and is able to achieve best cost advantage.


Key Features:

  • novel organic electrolytes based on alkylamino phosphonium or alkylammonium salts and polar aprotic solvents
  • low-cost porous carbons as electrode materials and technology for purification of these carbons
  • special technique for electrode/electrolyte preparation together with some peculiarity of SC assembling and pre-starting (aging) procedure
  • novel methods to significantly reduce ultracap inner resistance

Over the past decade or two ultracapacitors force their way to the market through the strong competition from advanced batteries. Today NiMH and in particular Li-ion batteries demonstrate the power density as high as 0.6-1 kW/kg (though at the expense of lower energy density, shorter cycle life and overheating). Therefore, to become competitive, ultracapacitors must demonstrate the power density much higher than 1 kW/kg providing at the same time the long cycle life. The best of our competitors and ultracapacitor manufacturers demonstrate 1-3 kW/kg at 95% efficiency, while our prototypes demonstrate 5-6 kW/kg.

Fig. 1  Comparison of APCT ultracapacitor power and energy density with major competitors:

Fig. 2  Ragone plot based on ITS test results presented at the Advanced Capacitor World Summit, San Diego in July 2008:

Fig. 3  Ragone plot (normalized) based on ITS test results presented at the Advanced Capacitor World Summit, San Diego in July 2008:

Another obstacle for ultracapacitors on the path to the market is cost of carbon. Nanoporous carbon, which is used as electrode material in supercapacitors, is rather expensive, and it typically contributes about 35% to the total cost. APCT has utilized carbon, which is 4 times cheaper than that used by its major competitors.

APCT middle and large devices can demonstrate the same performance being 2 or 3 times smaller (due to much higher power density), this means that APCT uses 2-3 times less material than competitors.
Currently, APCT research team is focused on achieving the following:

  • to reduce ESR, in particular, to reduce the contact resistance at C/Al interface due to modification of Al current collector
  • to modify some of the natural carbonaceous materials in order to produce low-cost nanoporous carbon electrodes
  • to best match the electrode nanoporous texture with ion size in organic electrolytes
  • to optimize the ratio between nanopores and ion transport channels in the electrode texture
  • to optimize the electrode thickness
  • to protect the Al current collector from anode corrosion
  • to develop special fire retardant agents to assure safety


APowerCap offers ultracapacitors that have been designed using our proprietary breakthrough ultracapacitor technology. This unique technology allowed us to reach values of specific power that exceed 5 kW/kg at a 95% efficiency that corresponds to more than 20 kW/kg at a 50%, keeping the energy density within 1.5-4.5 Wh/kg despite the use of low-cost nanoporous carbon.

Our major goal is to satisfy global market requirements for ultracapacitors in both performance and price. We offer products for prices that at least 20% lower, compared to products with similar voltage/capacitance rates already available on the market.

APowerCap has designed ultracapacitors with outstanding performance that have been recognized by the leading industry experts to be the best in the world in terms of power density. APowerCap ultracapacitors can be used for a wide range of applications, including consumer electronics, power quality systems, automotive industry and many others. Feel free to contact us to discuss usage of our ultracapacitors in your application.

APCT products consists of two major categories:

Pic.1 Single ultracapacitor cells in hard Al enclosure in the range of 480F to 550F, 2.7V

Pic.2 Single ultracapacitor cells in soft Al enclosure in the range of 4F to 550F, 2.7V

On the basis of these single ultracapacitor elements, APCT may develop and produce wide product range of high quality modules, with different voltages and capacitance values. Our best modules are made with this type of cell. They are the most efficient, perform the best in most conditions, and last the longest.

APCT’s R&D team may also produce preproduction pilot samples as a single element or modules;

We pride ourselves on a unique combination of high quality, competitive technology innovation, excellent technical knowledge and outstanding customer service.

Quality to us is paramount! We only deal with quality assured manufacturers of the raw materials and our quality commitment permeates our working practices at every level.

LDK Solar Co., Ltd.

Factory:Hi – Tech industrial Park Xinyu Jiangxi P. R. C.
E-mail: ;

LDK  Solar USA,Inc.
1290 Oakmead Parkway ,Suite 306
Sunnyvale ,   CA 94085   USA
TEL: +1-408-245-0858
Fax: +1-408 245 8802


As the worldwide demand for electricity increases and the historical reliance on fossil fuels is being challenged by increasing environmental awareness, the focus has turned to renewable energy sources. As a reliable and versatile form of renewable energy, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems are expected to become a dominant energy source. According to market research, PV is expected to account for over 50% of the world’s total electricity generated by renewable energy sources by 2070.

LDK Solar is a pure-play manufacturer dedicated solely to the design, development, manufacturing and distribution of multicrystalline solar wafers. Wafers are the principal raw material used to produce solar cells, which are devices capable of converting sunlight into electricity. Their manufacturing process is based on proprietary production processes utilizing both virgin and recyclable polysilicon for ingot production. Through this proprietary process, they are able to offer their global solar cell and module manufacturer customers considerable cost advantages while maintaining quality and performance. LDK Solars also provides wafering services to both multicrystalline and monocrystalline solar cell and module manufacturers.

LDK Solar made their first commercial shipment of solar wafers in April 2006 and have quickly become one of the leading manufacturers in the industry, with their annual production capacity expected to increase to 400 megawatts, or MW by the end of 2007 from 215 MW as of March 31, 2007.

Their headquarters and their large scale, state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities are located in Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Xinyu city, Jiangxi province in the People’s Republic of China.


LDK Solar manufactures and sells multicrystalline solar wafers. They currently produce and sell multicrystalline wafers in two principal sizes of 125 by 125 mm and 156 by 156 mm, with thicknesses from 180 and 240 microns.

LDK also provides wafering services to both monocrystalline and multicrystalline solar cell and module manufactures, which provide us their own ingots to be sliced. They charge a fee based on the number of wafers to be sliced.

The main technological process of multi-crystalline wafers contains: ingot and wire saw.

Strategic relationships with world class PV equipment manufacturers GT
Solar(USA) HCT (Switzerland), support LDK on equipment, process and
technology.Cooperate with Shanghai Jiaotong University formed “Shanghai
Jiaotong University-LDK Solar R&D Lab” engages in industry leading or LDK
R&D projects, endeavor together toreach state-level lab, supply technology
support for LDK to develop into a world class wafer manufacture.
Cooperate with Nanchang University formed “Nanchang University-LDK
Solar Research Center”, research in projects such as wafer purification,
crystallization improvement, and wire breakage reduction etc.

        1、Muticrystalline DSS capacity : 275kg/ingot (standard)
2、Ingot size: 690mm(L)× 690mm(W)×240mm(H)

Multi-crystalline wafer

Conductivity type:P
Dimension: 103×103±0.5mm ,125×125±0.5mm,150×150±0.5mm,156×156±0.5mm,210×210±0.5mm
Lifetime: ≥2μs
Oxygen concentration ≤ 1×1018atom/cm3
Carbon concentration ≤ 5×1016atom/cm3
Thickness:200μm± 20μm, 220μm± 20μm,240μm± 20μm
TTV:≤ 50 μm
BOW:≤ 30 μm
Saw mark:≤ 10 μm
Chips:L≤1mm, D≤1mm,Max. 2 places
Crack and pinhole: no cracks and pin holes visible with the naked eyes

Mono-crystalline wafer

Lifetime: ≥10μs
BOW:≤35 μm
Resistivity: 0.5—3,3—6,6—10Ω·cm
Oxygen concentration ≤ 1×1018atom/cm3
Carbon concentration ≤ 5×1016atom/cm3
Dimension: 125mmX125mm±0.5mm ,156mmX156mm±0.5mm
Thickness: 200μm ,220μm, 240μm(±20μm)
TTV:≤ 50 μm
Squareness Angle Variety : <0.6mm
Squareness Angle: 90°±0.25°
Crystal direction : ≤100≥

Ausra, Inc.

Ausra, Inc.

Ausra, Inc.
2585 East Bayshore Rd.
Palo Alto, CA 94303

phone: 650.424.9300
fax: 650.494.3893

General Information: info@ausra.comAbout
Ausra develops and deploys utility-scale solar technologies to serve global electricity needs in a dependable, market competitive, environmentally responsible manner.

Amid growing public demand for clean energy, Ausra offers solar thermal electric power stations that provide large-scale low-cost, reliable, renewable energy. Unlike competing approaches, Ausra’s technology is proven, easily manufactured and installed, and scalable to high volume.

Ausra’s zero-carbon power plants generate electricity at current market prices for fossil-fired power without the emissions caused by burning fuels. Solar concentrators boil water with focused sunlight, generating high-pressure steam that drives conventional turbine generators. Low-cost thermal energy storage systems now under development by Ausra will allow solar electric power to be generated on demand, day and night.

Electric utilities in the U.S. and worldwide are under growing pressure to expand their deliveries of clean, renewable power. The Ausra team brings together expertise in solar energy research, engineering, manufacturing, power project development and finance to address this need. The company designs, manufactures and deploys low-cost, large-scale, solar electric power stations, selling electric power at prices competitive with today’s fossil-fired generation.

Ausra’s core technology, the Compact Linear Fresnel Reflector (CLFR) solar collector and steam generation system, was originally conceived in the early 1990s at Sydney University. It was first commercialized by Solar Heat and Power Pty Ltd. in 2004 in Australia and is now being refined and built at large scale by Ausra around the world.

CLFR technology has significant advantages in cost, scalability and emissions profile. Ausra develops large-scale power projects incorporating CLFR solar fields, and helps utilities generate clean energy for millions of customers.

Innovation in Action

  • Research and Development: Ausra’s core group of chemists, physicists and engineers are working on optics, coatings, materials and manufacturing processes to improve the performance and reduce the cost of solar collector systems, thermal energy storage systems and power plant cooling systems. Their ongoing refinements to Ausra’s technology will continue to reduce costs and extend Ausra’s leadership in these fields.
  • Engineering: Ausra’s engineering managers and engineers come from a variety of disciplines across the electric power industry. The team optimizes Ausra’s existing technologies for production, and brings new technologies from R&D into volume manufacturing. Ausra partners with leading consulting engineering firms to test and verify energy production and lifecycle performance of its plants.
  • Manufacturing: Ausra’s approach to solar plant production emphasizes manufacturing facilities located near power plants, low-cost commodity materials (steel, glass and concrete), and mass produced components. Ausra operates its own production facilities for the manufacture of its solar collectors to deliver the highest performance at lowest possible system costs.
  • Project Management: Ausra draws experts from many sectors of the energy industry to manage land permits, project finance and power purchase agreements. The team has a strong track record of success with multiple generations of technologies.

Solar Thermal Electric Power is Energy Independence and Security
We have a secure source of electric power with guaranteed stable prices, no emissions, and the ability to scale to meet all our needs. With a 20-year track record of over 99 percent availability, solar thermal electric power has proven to be a dependable source of electric power for America’s growing energy needs. Solar power is entirely domestically produced, is protected against fuel price and availability fluctuations, and is secure against future costs of carbon emissions.

Ausra’s innovations in collector design dramatically reduce the cost of solar thermal generation equipment and bring solar

power to prices directly competitive with fossil fuel power.

Using Ausra’s current solar technologies, all U.S. electric power, day and night, can be generated using a land area smaller than 92 by 92 miles.

Ausra’s business will benefit local economies by bringing “green collar” manufacturing and operating jobs to rural communities. By delivering clean, reliable energy at market-competitive prices, Ausra will help meet America’s growing needs for climate-friendly power while maintaining consumer-friendly prices.



Corporate Solar Solutions Center
2660 Waiwai Loop
Honolulu, Hawaii 96819
US Toll Free: (866) 767-6491, (866-Sopogy1)
International Phone: (808) 237-2409
FAX: (808) 356-0565

West Coast Solar Solutions Center
1735 Technology Drive, Suite 400
San Jose, California 95110
US Toll Free: (866) 767-6491, (866-Sopogy1)
FAX: (408) 351-8883

Southwest USA Solar Solutions Center
2942 N 24th Street, Suite 114
Phoenix, AZ 85016
US Toll Free: (866) 767-6491, (866-Sopogy1)
FAX: (602) 391-2000What They Do
Sopogy is a leader in MicroCSP technologies that bring the economics of proven large scale Concentrating Power Systems (CSP) to the distributed generation markets. MicroCSP technologies are used to create Process Heat, Solar Air Conditioning or Electrical Power. For more information on the technology visit our How It Works page.


Originally founded in 2002 at the Energy Laboratories an energy concept incubator of Energy Industries, Sopogy is focused at bringing a new renewable energy technology to the market. The future is clean power, green systems and LEED™ smart buildings. The Sopogy energy system is enabling the solar energy revolution and for our customers “every day is a Sopogy day™”.

Sopogy is dedicated to helping their customers achieve their renewable energy goals. Using their solar energy systems to produce electricity, process heat or solar A/C we maximize energy production while minimizing costs.

Sopogy’s mission is to invent, manufacture and sell the world’s most innovative and affordable solar collectors. Their company strives to become part of the solution to global problems including climate change, energy security and sustainability.


* Establish a global solar energy brand.
* Make solar energy competitive to fossil fuel energy worldwide.
* Achieve entrepreneurial success.
* Create solar solutions that improve the quality of life for all human kind.
* Bring order and simplicity to the chaos which is the current solar power business.


Sopogy MicroCSP technologies present a new and unique approach to harnessing the power of the sun.
Sopogy MicroCSP