Category: Biomass Techs

Iogen Corporation

Iogen Corporation

310 Hunt Club Rd. East
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada K1V 1C1

Phone: 613-733-9830

Email: info@iogen.ca

About

Established in the 1970s, Iogen Corporation has become one of Canada’s leading biotechnology firms.  Iogen is a world leader in technology to produce cellulosic ethanol, a fully renewable, advanced biofuel that can be used in today’s cars.  Iogen is also an industrial manufacturer of enzyme products with a focus on products for use by the pulp and paper, textile and animal feed industries.Iogen is a privately held company, based in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, with a rapidly growing work force. Since the late 1970s, more than $300 million CAD has been invested in Iogen Corporation and its activities related to cellulosic ethanol, including more than $60 million CAD in the demonstration plant.  Major investors include the Royal Dutch/Shell Group, Petro-Canada and Goldman Sachs.  The company has approximately 325 permanent full-time employees.

Cellulosic Ethanol is Ready to Go

Cellulosic ethanol can significantly:

  • lower overall greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
  • reduce reliance on imported oil and increase energy security
  • help build rural economies and improve farm income

Cellulosic ethanol is one of the most cost effective ways to reduce GHGs and gasoline consumption in road transport and can deliver benefits similar to improved vehicle efficiency.

Iogen built and operates a demonstration scale facility to convert biomass to cellulosic ethanol using enzyme technology.  This facility is located in Ottawa. Iogen is currently assessing a potential location for a commercial scale cellulosic ethanol plant.

In the long-term, Iogen intends to commercialize its cellulosic ethanol process by licensing its technology broadly through turnkey plant construction partnerships. License fees and the supply of enzymes to the licensees’ plants will generate income.

Technology

Cellulosic Ethanol Technology

Iogen’s cellulosic ethanol process uses advanced new technology to make ethanol from biomass. The process combines innovations in pre-treatment, state-of-the-art enzyme technology, and advanced fermentation technology. Pre-treated fibre is converted to sugars using enzymes; sugars are subsequently fermented to ethanol; and ethanol is purified to fuel.

Enzyme Technology

Enzyme technology is one of the key areas of Iogen’s innovation. Iogen owns and operates a large-scale state-of-the-art enzyme manufacturing facility in Ottawa, Canada. The plant serves customers around the world with products designed for specific-use applications. The company’s core skills include protein engineering, enzyme expression, fermentation development, enzyme manufacturing, enzyme application engineering, and operation of enzyme-based reactions.

Iogen’s enzymes are now used in the pulp and paper, textile and animal feed industries. In the pulp and paper industry, Iogen enzymes help decrease the amount of chlorinated chemicals used in bleaching, as well as reduce production costs. In the textile, industry enzymes help fade, soften or depill fabrics and garments. In the animal feed industry, enzymes help chickens and pigs digest their food. Iogen’s enzyme products include the BioBrite®, Denabraide®, and Fibrilase® enzyme product lines.

Iogen’s line of enzymes for cellulosic ethanol production is currently being used in the company’s demonstration plant. These enzymes will be available for sale in conjunction with technology licenses for the cellulosic ethanol facilities in the future.

What are enzymes?

  • Enzymes are “active” proteins that can increase (catalyze) the rate of biochemical reactions.
  • Enzymes are natural chemicals made and used by living organisms but are themselves “non-living”.
  • Industrial enzymes are safe and natural. Enzymes are even used to make foods such as pop, fruit, bread and beer!

Bio-Products

Iogen Bio-Products focuses on making high quality enzymes for industries that process fibre. Our three primary enzyme markets are: pulp and paper, textile, and animal feed. In each market, we combine our extensive knowledge of enzyme development and manufacturing with an understanding of the customer’s application to make market-leading products. Each industry has a custom-developed product satisfying different requirements.

  • In the pulp and paper market, Iogen sells directly to pulp mills with substantial start-up support, equipment, on-site service, and after trial support.
  • In the textile market, Iogen sells to a limited number of re-formulators who include Iogen’s products in their formulations and service end-users.
  • In the animal feed industry, Iogen has a supply agreement with DSM for the exclusive manufacture and worldwide distribution of enzymes.

Manufacturing and Quality Control

Iogen is committed to offering consistent, reliable enzymes that meet the performance expectations of its customers. The company’s manufacturing operation is ISO 9003 compliant, and makes products using application-based test methods to validate the product performance.

OPX Biotechnologies, Inc.

OPX Biotechnologies,Inc.

2425 55th Street Suite 100
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone: (303) 243-5190
Fax: (303) 243-5193

About

OPX Biotechnologies, Inc. is a Colorado-based bioproducts company using proprietary bioengineering technology to convert renewable feedstocks into biofuels and green chemistry products. The OPX EDGE – Efficiency Directed Genome Engineering – technology platform enables rapid, rational, and robust optimization of microbes and bioprocesses. Compared to petroleum-based alternatives, OPX EDGE bioprocesses deliver equivalent product performance with improved sustainability at lower cost. Using the EDGE platform, OPX has produced multiple biofuel and green chemistry products at laboratory scale from several different renewable feedstocks. OPX is proving its economical bioprocesses at larger scale in advance of a demonstration plant startup in 2011. OPX is located in Boulder, Colorado and is funded by Altira Group LLC, Braemar Energy Ventures, MDV – Mohr Davidow Ventures and X/Seed Capital

Technology

The OPX EDGE™ – Efficiency Directed Genome Engineering – technology platform enables rapid, rational, and robust optimization of microbes and bioprocesses to manufacture bioproducts with equivalent performance and improved sustainability at lower cost compared to petroleum-based alternatives. Using OPX EDGE, they identify the genes that control microbial metabolism and then implement a comprehensive, rational genetic change strategy to simultaneously optimize microbial production pathways and vitality as well as overall bioprocess productivity. OPX EDGE includes a first-of-its-kind, massively parallel, full genome search technology known as SCALEs. The OPX EDGE technology is 1000 to 5000 times faster than conventional genetic engineering methods, meaning OPX creates optimized microbes and bioprocesses within months rather than years. The bottom line – OPX EDGE makes possible biofuels and green chemistry products that have up to 50% lower cost than petroleum-based alternatives.

Qteros

Qteros

100 Campus Drive
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone: 508-281-4060

About

In just two years, the Qteros team has made remarkable progress enhancing strains of the Q Microbe. Our goal is to keep refining this process until our technology provides the world’s most economical and sustainable transportation energy.

The story of Qteros began in 1996 with a walk near the Quabbin Reservoir in Western Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts microbiologist Dr. Susan Leschine and her lab assistant, Tom Warnick, were looking for a microbe that breaks down plant waste, but they found something far more noteworthy. The microscopic organism they sampled from the mud and later named Clostridium phytofermentans, was isolated and recognized as a novel life form.

Known today as Q Microbe, this tiny organism has an enormous appetite for all types of cellulose and the ability to convert that cellulose directly into ethanol. What the scientists found in a spoonful of dirt has been referred to by the director of the National Renewable Energy Lab as the Holy Grail of cellulosic ethanol.

Qteros has worked with this remarkable microbe to develop and commercialize a pioneering, clean fuel technology that comes from the earth. By overcoming the recalcitrance of cellulose to release the sugars deep within the plant cell wall, the Q Microbe does today what other researchers hope to do sometime in the next decade. The company’s proprietary Complete Cellulosic Conversion (C3) process simplifies and dramatically improves the economics of the equation.

Qteros technology is impressively versatile. It breaks down and ferments many types of non-food plant and tree waste in an ethanol-producing process that doesn’t compete with the food industry. It reduces the conventional two-step conversion process to one step, saving time, money, and energy. In addition, our patented Q Microbe is naturally occurring, and the process is sustainable and very close to carbon neutral.

Technology

Creating a clean, sustainable, domestic transportation fuel from non-food sources requires scientific ingenuity and disciplined, hard work. The Qteros team is on the technology development path to achieve this ambitious goal with the Q Microbe.

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Q-Microbe
The Q Microbe (Clostridium phytofermentans) is a super-bug. This lollipop-shaped microscopic organism has unique properties that make it ideally suited to the production of cellulosic ethanol from a variety of non-food plant materials.

Graph of lignocel

Fig. 1 – What is lignocellulosic biomass?

Typically, cellulosic biomass goes through an intensive pretreatment step. Then enzymes are used to break down the biomass into simple sugars suitable for fermentation by yeast into ethanol. These enzymes, along with the intensive pretreatment required for their use, are the largest single-cost component of cellulosic ethanol production. The Qteros team has developed the technology to eliminate the need for a separate enzymatic breakdown step that also broadens pretreatment options.

The Q Microbe breaks down a wide variety of plant materials, including corn residues, cane bagasse, woody biomass, cellulose waste, and more. It produces prodigious amounts of ethanol by generating its own enzymes and then fermenting the C5 and C6 sugars. The microbe can be engineered to optimize ethanol output from a specific plant material, increasing net energy yield for the whole system. It is the “yeast” component of the conventional bioconversion process plus the enzyme component, all in one.

The C3 Process

Overcoming the difficulty and expense of breaking down plant material is one of the biggest challenges facing the emerging cellulosic ethanol industry. Solving this is the key to a low-cost solution, and Qteros has that solution.

Graph of C3 process

Fig. 1 – Conventional cellulosic ethanol production
versus the C3 Process

In our proprietary Complete Cellulosic Conversion (C3) process, the Q Microbe simultaneously decomposes and ferments cellulosic biomass to ethanol. It converts both cellulose and hemicellulosic plant material. This remarkable microbe not only eliminates the need for costly enzymes, it simplifies the entire ethanol production process, allowing for pre-treatments that are easier on the environment.

Getting More for Less
This ability of the Q Microbe to convert all of the fermentable components of biomass to ethanol enables the C3 process to have higher yields than other bioconversion processes. By avoiding the cost associated with the production, purification, and application of specific enzyme cocktails, it offers cost savings to facilitate large-scale ethanol production from a wide variety of cellulosic biomass. It also allows for a broader range of pretreatment options with further cost savings.

Acciona Energy

 Acciona Energy

In 19 countries

The Energy Division of ACCIONA has over 200 companies in 19 countries.

The corporate purpose of most of them is the development of wind parks and the production of electricity from them. Within the wind power sector the group also has manufacturing companies that produce wind turbines.

ACCIONA Energy also has companies that operate in the thermolectric field (biomass and solar thermoelectric), solar (photovoltaic and thermal), biofuels and others.

About

World leader in renewables

ACCIONA Energía is a world leader in the renewables sector. The company has taken on the mission of demonstrating the technical and economic viability of a new energy model on the basis of criteria of sustainability.

ACCIONA Energía is present in the main clean energies, in line with their different levels of maturity and profitability. It focuses its activities on wind power, in which it is the largest developer and constructor of windparks in the world.

It is also present in other electric power generation technologies based on renewable energy sources -biomass, small hydro and solar-, and also in the manufacture of wind turbines (designed in-house) and the production and marketing of biofuels. It also has assets in the field of cogeneration.

ACCIONA Energía is currently carrying out research projects to produce hydrogen from wind power, to manufacture more efficient wind turbines and to optimize the production of biofuels.

The company has a workforce of over 1,000 people, one of the biggest and most highly qualified in the clean energies field.

The solidity of a great group

ACCIONA Energía is the energy division of ACCIONA, a leading group in infrastructures and services aimed at sustainable development and social welfare.

ACCIONA is a homogeneous and integrated business group with a focus on operations with high added value that enable it to create synergies and make profitable investments in strategic sectors.

Technology

Wind energy

A global leader in wind energy

ACCIONA Energy focuses its activity on wind energy, a field in which it has so far installed 5,577 MW at 30 September 2008. It has built 200 windparks for itself and other companies with over 5,500 turbines, making it the world leader in the development and construction of windparks. At the same time, it has 900 MW under construction and around 15,000 MW in development.

The wind power installed by ACCIONA Energy in Spain amounts to 4,471 MW.

On all five continents

As well as Spain, there are windparks installed by ACCIONA in the United States, Canada, Germany, Australia, Italy, Greece, Hungary, France, India, Portugal, South Korea, Mexico and Morocco. Of these, 142 windparks (4,105 MW) are owned by the Group, with an attributable capacity of 3,285 MW. The 58 windparks built for other companies account for 1,472 MW.

ACCIONA is currently building windparks in most of the above mentioned countries.

Current projects are being carried out in the United Kingdom, Croacia, Poland and Slovenia.

Production

In 2007, ACCIONA Energy produced a total of 7,494 GWh of wind energy, of which 6,316 GWh were produced in Spain and 1,178 GWh in other countries. Attributable wind energy generation reached 5,570 GWh.

In the first nine months of 2008, the wind energy production was 5,840 GWh (4,784 GWh in Spain and 1,056 GWh in other countries). The attributable wind energy generation was 4,620 GWh.

Mini hydro

19 small hydro plants in operation

ACCIONA Energy has 19 small hydro power plants located in different river basins in Navarre (Spain). Their total installed capacity is 58.79 MW.

In 2007 hydroelectric production from these plants reached 193 million kilowatt-hours. Until September 2008, the power output was 182 GWh.

ACCIONA also handles the operation and maintenance of another six hidroelectrical plants.

Biomass

Three plants in operation and seven under development

ACCIONA Energy is present in the field of biomass with three plants that total 33 MW of installed capacity. They produced around 240 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) a year.

The largest is a 25 MW cereal straw-fired plant in Sangüesa (Navarre), a pioneering facility in southern Europe in the exploitation of this source of renewable energy. Its average annual output is around 200 million kWh.

In addition to the Sangüesa plant, ACCIONA Energy has biomass plants in Talosa (province of Soria) and Pinasa (Cuenca), each one with 4 MW capacity.

New projects

The company is giving a boost to the biomass business in Spain. It plans to install seven new plants in different Spanish regions, which will be entering into operation between 2010 and 2012. They total 110 MW of capacity, 306 million euros investment and an estimated annual output of 880 million kWh. These facilities will represent 175 direct and 515 indirect new jobs, mainly devoted to primary sector.

In the region of Castilla y León, it is developing three new plants summing 55 MW of installed capacity and represent an investment of 140 million euros. The three facilities -located in Almazán (Soria) -15 MW-, Briviesca (Burgos) -15 MW- and Valencia de don Juan (León) -25 MW- will be participated by the Regional Energy Board (EREN).

Altogether the three plants will produce around 440 million kWh a year, equivalent to the demand of 180,000 homes. They will also create 300 jobs and will avoid the emission of 423,000 tonnes of CO2.

The plants planned in Castilla-La Mancha are located in Mohorte (Cuenca) and Alcázar de San Juan (Ciudad Real), with a total investment of 86 M€.

ACCIONA also projects to install a 15 MW biomass plant in Miajadas (Cáceres) and a 10 MW one in Utiel (Valencia)

Solar energy

Leaders in solar energy

ACCIONA works with all three solar technologies – concentrating solar power (CSP), photovoltaic and solar hot water – amounting to a total owned capacity of 194 MW, of which 113 MW are owned by the company.

The company has so far installed 81.32 MW for other companies, of which 66.18 MW are photovoltaic, 14.14 MW are solar heating and 1 MW are CSP.

Technology Owned capacity Capacity for other companies Total capacity
CSP 64.00 1 65.00
Hot water 0.72 14.14 14.86

The largest concentrating solar power plant in 17 years

In June 2007, in the state of Nevada (USA), ACCIONA connected to the grid the the largest CSP facility of its type in the world in the last 17 years: the 64 MW Nevada Solar One plant. The company has a 97.7% stake in the facility, which is operational since June 2007.

ACCIONA has various CSP plants under development in Spain – all of which have a capacity of 50 MW – and is also involved in major projects in the south-western United States.

The leading developer of photovoltaic energy in Spain

The photovoltaic capacity installed by ACCIONA at 30 September 2008 amounts to 114.44 MW. Through its subsidiary ACCIONA Solar, the Group has developed the concept of “huertas solares” (solar gardens), a system that has allowed more than 3.500 people to become owners of photovoltaic installations.

The “huertas solares” installed by the company – 18 in total – amount to a capacity of 61,5 MW and are located in diferent Spanish regions.

ACCIONA is currently building what will be the biggest solar photovoltaic plant in the world in Moura (Portugal), with a capacity of 46 MW. It is expected to be fully grid-connected by December 2008.

Solar hot water

In the field of thermal solar energy (solar hot water), ACCIONA Solar has installed 14 MW to date, virtually all of which has been for other companies.

The company is the leader in the installation of this technology in Spain.

Energy efficient building

ACCIONA is also involved in the field of energy efficient buildings, incorporating solar technology as much as possible.

The most notable example of this is ACCIONA Solar’s head office, a building which consumes 52% less energy than a conventional building of the same characteristics, thanks to the use of numerous measures for using energy efficiently and making energy savings, covering 48% of its needs from photovoltaic solar power – electricity; thermal solar power – climate control; and biodiesel.

This means that the office is classified as a “zero emissions” building, as it can cover its energy requirements without emitting CO2.

Biofuels

In biodiesel and bioethanol

ACCIONA Energy works in the area of biofuels for transport, a sector which represents over 30% of the greenhouse gas emissions in the OCDE countries and 50% of the global oil demand (67% in the European Union).

The company has already presence in the field of biodiesel, with a 70,000-tonnes production plant in Navarra, and a 200,000-tonnes one under construction in Bilbao. It also owns a 26,000-tonnes bioethanol plant in Castilla-La Mancha (central Spain).

The European Commission has set the objective of a 5.75% quota for biofuels in road transport consumption by 2010. Spain has adopted that goal by establishing a 5.83% quota in the Plan for Renewable Energies, approved by the Government in 2005. The EU plans to increase that goal up to 10% in 2020.

Wind turbines

ACCIONA Windpower, a global supplier

ACCIONA Windpower, is the ACCIONA’s subsidiary company that works on the design, manufacture, field assembly and marketing of wind turbines,  based on the experience of the group to which it belongs in the operation and maintenance of wind power facilities worldwide. It produces 1,500 kW and 3,000 kW wind turbines which have been designed from the point of view of the wind farm operator interested in achieving the best performance throughout the working life of the machine.In 2007 ACCIONA Windpower produced 582 turbines (873 MW). This figure is higher than the company’s production in the three previous years and duplicates the 2006 figure (426 MW), thus consolidating its position in the world ranking of major wind turbine manufacturers. The company expects to finish this year with over 1,500 MW of new capacity installed.

For years after having launched the AW-1500, one of the most reliable wind turbines in the market of the megawatt segment, ACCIONA Windpower introduced the new AW-3000 at Windpower 2008 Exhibition in Houston (Texas, USA) last June. It is based on the same concept of strong, reliable and durable wind turbine as its successful predecessor and extent our capacity to meet the rising market expectations.

Four wind turbine assembly plants

ACCIONA Windpower has four wind turbine manufacturing facilities, two in Spain, one in China and one in the USA. Their total annual production capacity is 2,625 MW.

ACCIONA Windpower also has an assembly plant for hubs and other components in Toledo (Spain) and will build a blade production plant in Navarre (Spain) in 2008; its opening is planned for the end of the same year.

Turbines in wind parks in twelve countries

By the end of 2008 ACCIONA Windpower turbines will have been installed in wind parks in twelve countries: Spain, the US, Canada, Mexico, Australia, China, South Korea, Italy, Greece, France, the UK and Poland.

A good part of these projects have been (or will be) carried out by other companies with which ACCIONA Windpower has signed contracts for the supply of turbines. This modality will increase over the next few years.

Working on design since 1997

The technology developed by ACCIONA Windpower is the result of more than fourteen years of knowledge accumulated by one of the most technical teams in the world on the operation and maintenance of wind parks.

The ACCIONA Group’s experience and acumen gained from the management of wind parks containing thousands of wind turbines of different technologies installed in various countries has been the cornerstone to the succesful development of our technology.

Before launching series production of the AW 1500 the company installed three prototypes of a 1300 kW in 2000-2002, followed by twenty units of the same model in a wind park in Navarre.

Work on the series production of the 1.5 MW machine started in 2004. To date, over 2,000 units have been assemblied.